Improper Neutralization of Special Elements in Output Used by a Downstream Component ('Injection')
Cybele Thinfinity VirtualUI 18.104.22.168 allows HTTP response splitting via the mimetype parameter within a PDF viewer request, as demonstrated by an example.pdf?mimetype= substring. The victim user must load an application request to view a PDF, containing the malicious payload. This results in a reflected XSS payload being executed.
CWE-74 - Injection
Listed as the number one web application security risk on the 'OWASP Top Ten', injection attacks are widespread and dangerous, especially in legacy applications. Injection attacks are a class of vulnerabilities in which an attacker injects untrusted data into a web application that gets processed by an interpreter, altering the program's execution. This can result in data loss/theft, loss of data integrity, denial of service, and even compromising the entire system.