Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when Microsoft IIS Server fails to check the length of a buffer prior to copying memory to it.An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability can allow an unprivileged function ran by the user to execute code in the context of NT AUTHORITY\system escaping the Sandbox.The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how Microsoft IIS Server sanitizes web requests., aka 'Microsoft IIS Server Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability'.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.