Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
A buffer overflow vulnerability in the web server of some Hikvision IP Cameras allows an attacker to send a specially crafted message to affected devices. Due to the insufficient input validation, successful exploit can corrupt memory and lead to arbitrary code execution or crash the process.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.