Improper Control of Generation of Code ('Code Injection')
Chamilo LMS version 11.x contains an Unserialization vulnerability in the "hash" GET parameter for the api endpoint located at /webservices/api/v2.php that can result in Unauthenticated remote code execution. This attack appear to be exploitable via a simple GET request to the api endpoint. This vulnerability appears to have been fixed in After commit 0de84700648f098c1fbf6b807dee28ec640efe62.
CWE-94 - Code Injection
Code injection is a type of vulnerability that allows an attacker to execute arbitrary code. This vulnerability fully compromises the machine and can cause a wide variety of security issues, such as unauthorized access to sensitive information, manipulation of data, denial of service attacks etc. Code injection is different from command injection in the fact that it is limited by the functionality of the injected language (e.g. PHP), as opposed to command injection, which leverages existing code to execute commands, usually within the context of a shell.