7PK - Security Features
The URL pattern of "" (the empty string) which exactly maps to the context root was not correctly handled in Apache Tomcat 9.0.0.M1 to 9.0.4, 8.5.0 to 8.5.27, 8.0.0.RC1 to 8.0.49 and 7.0.0 to 7.0.84 when used as part of a security constraint definition. This caused the constraint to be ignored. It was, therefore, possible for unauthorized users to gain access to web application resources that should have been protected. Only security constraints with a URL pattern of the empty string were affected.
CWE-254 - Security Features
Security features are integrated into the application infrastructure to protect its resources and the trusted environment against a known exploit, threat, or vulnerability. However, flawed, disabled, or absent security features expose the application to a variety of attacks. This is a multidimensional vulnerability with broad potential impact. It can lead to defacement, confidentiality compromise, system takeover, etc.