Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
An issue was discovered on D-Link DSL-3782 EU 1.01 devices. An authenticated user can pass a long buffer as a 'show' parameter to the '/userfs/bin/tcapi' binary (in the Diagnostics component) using the 'show <node_name>' function and cause memory corruption. Furthermore, it is possible to redirect the flow of the program and execute arbitrary code.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.