Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
An issue was discovered in GEGL through 0.3.32. The gegl_tile_backend_swap_constructed function in buffer/gegl-tile-backend-swap.c allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (write access violation) or possibly have unspecified other impact via a malformed PNG file that is mishandled during a call to the babl_format_get_bytes_per_pixel function in babl-format.c in babl 0.1.46.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.