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Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting')


Severity Medium
Score 6.1/10


Zammad GmbH Zammad version 2.3.0 and earlier contains a Improper Neutralization of Script-Related HTML Tags in a Web Page (CWE-80) vulnerability in the subject of emails which are not html quoted in certain cases. This can result in the embedding and execution of java script code on users browser. This attack appear to be exploitable via the victim openning a ticket. This vulnerability appears to have been fixed in 2.3.1, 2.2.2 and 2.1.3.

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CWE-79 - Cross Site Scripting

Cross-Site Scripting, commonly referred to as XSS, is the most dominant class of vulnerabilities. It allows an attacker to inject malicious code into a pregnable web application and victimize its users. The exploitation of such a weakness can cause severe issues such as account takeover, and sensitive data exfiltration. Because of the prevalence of XSS vulnerabilities and their high rate of exploitation, it has remained in the OWASP top 10 vulnerabilities for years.


Advisory Timeline

  • Published