An issue, also known as DW201703-002, was discovered in libdwarf 2017-03-21. In _dwarf_decode_s_leb128_chk() a byte pointer was dereferenced just before it was checked for being in bounds, leading to a heap-based buffer over-read.
CWE-125 - Out-of-Bounds Read
Out-of-bounds read is a vulnerability that allows access to memory beyond the authorized accessible location. Such a vulnerability compromises the confidentiality of the trusted environment in the application and enables an attacker to launch further attacks by leveraging the exposed information.