Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
A heap overflow vulnerability in Citrix NetScaler Gateway versions 10.1 before 135.8/135.12, 10.5 before 65.11, 11.0 before 70.12, and 11.1 before 52.13 allows a remote authenticated attacker to run arbitrary commands via unspecified vectors.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.