Improper Neutralization of Special Elements in Output Used by a Downstream Component ('Injection')
A vulnerability in the CLI parser of the Cisco Web Security Appliance (WSA) could allow an authenticated, local attacker to perform command injection and elevate privileges to root. The attacker must authenticate with valid operator-level or administrator-level credentials. Affected Products: virtual and hardware versions of Cisco Web Security Appliance (WSA). More Information: CSCvd88855. Known Affected Releases: 10.1.0-204. Known Fixed Releases: 10.5.1-270 10.1.1-234.
CWE-74 - Injection
Listed as the number one web application security risk on the 'OWASP Top Ten', injection attacks are widespread and dangerous, especially in legacy applications. Injection attacks are a class of vulnerabilities in which an attacker injects untrusted data into a web application that gets processed by an interpreter, altering the program's execution. This can result in data loss/theft, loss of data integrity, denial of service, and even compromising the entire system.