Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
A vulnerability in Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) ingress packet processing for Cisco IOS XR Software could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to cause the MSDP session to be unexpectedly reset, causing a short denial of service (DoS) condition. The MSDP session will restart within a few seconds. More Information: CSCvd94828. Known Affected Releases: 4.3.2.MCAST 6.0.2.BASE. Known Fixed Releases: 22.214.171.124i.MCAST 126.96.36.199i.MCAST 188.8.131.52i.MCAST 184.108.40.206i.MCAST.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.