Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
An exploitable heap-based buffer overflow exists in the Hangul Word Processor component (version 184.108.40.20650) of Hancom Thinkfree Office NEO 220.127.116.1102. A specially crafted document stream can cause an integer underflow resulting in a buffer overflow which can lead to code execution under the context of the application. An attacker can entice a user to open up a document in order to trigger this vulnerability.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.