Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
The emerg_data driver in CAM-L21C10B130 and earlier versions, CAM-L21C185B141 and earlier versions has a buffer overflow vulnerability. An attacker with the root privilege of the Android system can tricks a user into installing a malicious application on the smart phone, and send given parameter to smart phone to crash the system or escalate privilege.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.