Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Microsoft Edge in Microsoft Windows 10 1703, 1709, Windows Server, version 1709, and ChakraCore allows an attacker to bypass Control Flow Guard (CFG) to run arbitrary code on a target system, due to how Microsoft Edge handles accessing memory in code compiled by the Edge Just-In-Time (JIT) compiler, aka "Microsoft Edge Security Feature Bypass Vulnerability". This CVE ID is unique from CVE-2017-11863 and CVE-2017-11872.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.