Improper Privilege Management
OrientDB through 2.2.22 does not enforce privilege requirements during "where" or "fetchplan" or "order by" use, which allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary OS commands via a crafted request.
CWE-269 - Improper Privilege Management
An effective privilege management infrastructure provides valid users with required access and privileges across heterogeneous technology environments. An application with a faulty privilege management infrastructure allows higher than authorized privileges or enables privilege escalation. This can lead to security incidents such as system infiltration, data breach, and complete system takeover.