Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')
The ZipCommon::isValidPath() function in Zip/src/ZipCommon.cpp in POCO C++ Libraries before 1.8 does not properly restrict the filename value in the ZIP header, which allows attackers to conduct absolute path traversal attacks during the ZIP decompression, and possibly create or overwrite arbitrary files, via a crafted ZIP file, related to a "file path injection vulnerability".
CWE-22 - Path Traversal
Path traversal (or directory traversal), is a vulnerability that allows malicious users to traverse the server's root directory, gaining access to arbitrary files and folders such as application code & data, back-end credentials, and sensitive operating system files. In the worst-case scenario, an attacker could potentially execute arbitrary files on the server, resulting in a denial of service attack. Such an exploit may severely impact the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of an application.