Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls
log_query.cgi in Trend Micro Threat Discovery Appliance 2.6.1062r1 and earlier allows remote authenticated users to execute arbitrary code as the root user via shell metacharacters in the cache_id parameter.
CWE-264 - Permissions Privileges and Access Controls
CWE 264 (permissions, privileges, and access controls) is not a weakness in and of itself, rather it is a category of weaknesses related to the management of permissions, privileges, and other security features used to perform access control. If not addressed, the weaknesses in this category allow attackers to gain privileges for an unintended sphere of control, access sensitive information, and execute arbitrary commands.