Improper Access Control
The filesystem layer in the Linux kernel before 4.5.5 proceeds with post-rename operations after an OverlayFS file is renamed to a self-hardlink, which allows local users to cause a denial of service (system crash) via a rename system call, related to fs/namei.c and fs/open.c.
CWE-284 - Improper Access Control
Listed 5th in the 'OWASP Top Ten', improper (or broken) access control attacks are a fundamental type of vulnerability. This includes a broad range of design flaws that enable users to act outside of their intended permissions. They can use these privileges to gain access to restricted files and functionality such as accessing restricted information, falsifying records, destroying data, or executing commands.