Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in a Command ('Command Injection')
Certain combinations of Junos OS CLI commands and arguments have been found to be exploitable in a way that can allow unauthorized access to the operating system. This may allow any user with permissions to run these CLI commands the ability to achieve elevated privileges and gain complete control of the device. Affected releases are Juniper Networks Junos OS 11.4 prior to 11.4R13-S3; 12.1X46 prior to 12.1X46-D60; 12.1X47 prior to 12.1X47-D45; 12.3 prior to 12.3R12; 12.3X48 prior to 12.3X48-D35; 13.2 prior to 13.2R9; 13.3 prior to 13.3R4-S11, 13.3R9; 14.1 prior to 14.1R4-S12, 14.1R7; 14.1X53 prior to 14.1X53-D28, 14.1X53-D40; 14.1X55 prior to 14.1X55-D35; 14.2 prior to 14.2R3-S10, 14.2R4-S7, 14.2R5; 15.1 prior to 15.1F4, 15.1R3; 15.1X49 prior to 15.1X49-D60; 15.1X53 prior to 15.1X53-D57, 15.1X53-D70.
CWE-77 - Command Injection
A command injection attack involves injecting an operating system command through the data input, which gets executed on the host operating system with the privileges of the victimized application. The impact of a command injection attack may range from loss of data confidentiality and integrity to unauthorized remote access to the hosting system. The attack may cause serious data breaches and system takeover.