Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
The CInArchive::ReadFileItem method in Archive/Udf/UdfIn.cpp in 7zip 9.20 and 15.05 beta and p7zip allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (out-of-bounds read) or execute arbitrary code via the PartitionRef field in the Long Allocation Descriptor in a UDF file.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.