Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
"libavcodec/gif.c" in FFmpeg before 2.4.13, 2.5.x before 2.5.11, 2.6.x before 2.6.8, 2.7.x before 2.7.6, 2.8.x before 2.8.6 and 2.9-dev does not properly calculate a buffer size, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (out-of-bounds array access) or possibly have unspecified other impact via a crafted .tga file, related to the gif_image_write_image, gif_encode_init, and gif_encode_close functions.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.