Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
In the Linux kernel before 4.9.6, there is an off by one in the drivers/mtd/spi-nor/cadence-quadspi.c cqspi_setup_flash() function. There are CQSPI_MAX_CHIPSELECT elements in the ->f_pdata array so the ">" should be ">=" instead.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.