Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Buffer overflow in Adobe Flash Player before 18.104.22.1688 and 19.x and 20.x before 22.214.171.124 on Windows and OS X and before 126.96.36.1994 on Linux, Adobe AIR before 188.8.131.52, Adobe AIR SDK before 184.108.40.206, and Adobe AIR SDK & Compiler before 220.127.116.11 allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.