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Insufficiently Protected Credentials


Severity High
Score 7.5/10


The identity service in OpenStack Identity (Keystone) before 2015.1.3 (Kilo) and 8.0.x before 8.1.0 (Liberty) and version and keystonemiddleware (formerly python-keystoneclient) before 2.3.3, versions 2.4.1, 3.0.0 and 4.0.0 does not properly invalidate authorization tokens when using the PKI or PKIZ token providers, which allows remote authenticated users to bypass intended access restrictions and gain access to cloud resources by manipulating byte fields within a revoked token.

  • HIGH
  • HIGH
  • NONE
  • LOW
  • HIGH
  • HIGH

CWE-522 - Insufficiently Protected Credentials

The product transmits or stores authentication credentials, but it uses an insecure method that is susceptible to unauthorized interception and/or retrieval.

Advisory Timeline

  • Published