Kaseya Virtual System Administrator (VSA) 7.x before 126.96.36.199, 8.x before 188.8.131.52, 9.0 before 184.108.40.206, and 9.1 before 220.127.116.11 does not properly require authentication, which allows remote attackers to bypass authentication and (1) add an administrative account via crafted request to LocalAuth/setAccount.aspx or (2) write to and execute arbitrary files via a full pathname in the PathData parameter to ConfigTab/uploader.aspx.
CWE-287 - Improper Authentication
Improper (or broken) authentication attacks are widespread, and have accounted for many of the worst data breaches in recent years. Improper authentication attacks are a class of vulnerabilities where an attacker impersonates a legitimate user by exploiting weaknesses in either session management or credential management to gain access to the user’s account. This can result in disclosure of sensitive information, and can lead to system compromise, theft, identity theft, and fraud.