Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting')
The sanitizeLocalUrl function in TYPO3 6.x before 6.2.15, 7.x before 7.5.0, 4.5.40, and earlier allows remote authenticated users to bypass the XSS filter and conduct cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks via a base64 encoded data URI, as demonstrated by the (1) returnUrl parameter to show_rechis.php and the (2) redirect_url parameter to index.php.
CWE-79 - Cross Site Scripting
Cross-Site Scripting, commonly referred to as XSS, is the most dominant class of vulnerabilities. It allows an attacker to inject malicious code into a pregnable web application and victimize its users. The exploitation of such a weakness can cause severe issues such as account takeover, and sensitive data exfiltration. Because of the prevalence of XSS vulnerabilities and their high rate of exploitation, it has remained in the OWASP top 10 vulnerabilities for years.