Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
The lut_inverse_interp16 function in the QCMS library in Mozilla Firefox before 41.0 allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information or cause a denial of service (buffer over-read and application crash) via crafted attributes in the ICC 4 profile of an image.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.