Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')
Directory traversal vulnerability in TP-LINK Archer C5 (1.2) with firmware before 150317, C7 (2.0) with firmware before 150304, and C8 (1.0) with firmware before 150316, Archer C9 (1.0), TL-WDR3500 (1.0), TL-WDR3600 (1.0), and TL-WDR4300 (1.0) with firmware before 150302, TL-WR740N (5.0) and TL-WR741ND (5.0) with firmware before 150312, and TL-WR841N (9.0), TL-WR841N (10.0), TL-WR841ND (9.0), and TL-WR841ND (10.0) with firmware before 150310 allows remote attackers to read arbitrary files via a .. (dot dot) in the PATH_INFO to login/.
CWE-22 - Path Traversal
Path traversal (or directory traversal), is a vulnerability that allows malicious users to traverse the server's root directory, gaining access to arbitrary files and folders such as application code & data, back-end credentials, and sensitive operating system files. In the worst-case scenario, an attacker could potentially execute arbitrary files on the server, resulting in a denial of service attack. Such an exploit may severely impact the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of an application.