Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting')
The Nitro API in Citrix NetScaler before 10.5 build 52.3nc uses an incorrect Content-Type when returning an error message, which allows remote attackers to conduct cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks via the file_name JSON member in params/xen_hotfix/0 to nitro/v1/config/xen_hotfix.
CWE-79 - Cross Site Scripting
Cross-Site Scripting, commonly referred to as XSS, is the most dominant class of vulnerabilities. It allows an attacker to inject malicious code into a pregnable web application and victimize its users. The exploitation of such a weakness can cause severe issues such as account takeover, and sensitive data exfiltration. Because of the prevalence of XSS vulnerabilities and their high rate of exploitation, it has remained in the OWASP top 10 vulnerabilities for years.