Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
mini_httpd 1.21 and earlier allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information from process memory via an HTTP request with a long protocol string, which triggers an incorrect response size calculation and an out-of-bounds read.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.