Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
common/partial_circular_buffer.cc in Google Chrome before 43.0.2357.65 does not properly handle wraps, which allows remote attackers to bypass a sandbox protection mechanism or cause a denial of service (out-of-bounds write) via vectors that trigger a write operation with a large amount of data, related to the PartialCircularBuffer::Write and PartialCircularBuffer::DoWrite functions.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.