Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')
visionmedia send before 0.8.4 for Node.js uses a partial comparison for verifying whether a directory is within the document root, which allows remote attackers to access restricted directories, as demonstrated using "public-restricted" under a "public" directory.
CWE-22 - Path Traversal
Path traversal (or directory traversal), is a vulnerability that allows malicious users to traverse the server's root directory, gaining access to arbitrary files and folders such as application code & data, back-end credentials, and sensitive operating system files. In the worst-case scenario, an attacker could potentially execute arbitrary files on the server, resulting in a denial of service attack. Such an exploit may severely impact the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of an application.