Improper Neutralization of Special Elements in Output Used by a Downstream Component ('Injection')
A Command Execution vulnerability exists in Sphider before 1.3.6 due to insufficient sanitization of fwrite to conf.php, which could let a remote malicious user execute arbitrary code. CVE-2014-5083 pertains to instances of fwrite in Sphider.
CWE-74 - Injection
Listed as the number one web application security risk on the 'OWASP Top Ten', injection attacks are widespread and dangerous, especially in legacy applications. Injection attacks are a class of vulnerabilities in which an attacker injects untrusted data into a web application that gets processed by an interpreter, altering the program's execution. This can result in data loss/theft, loss of data integrity, denial of service, and even compromising the entire system.