Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Stack-based buffer overflow in BKFSim_vhfd.exe in Yokogawa CENTUM CS 1000, CENTUM CS 3000 R3.09.50 and earlier, CENTUM VP R5.03.20 and earlier, Exaopc R3.72.00 and earlier, B/M9000CS R5.05.01 and earlier, and B/M9000 VP R7.03.01 and earlier, when FCS/Test Function is enabled, allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted packet.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.