Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Juniper Junos OS 9.1 through 11.4 before 11.4R11, 12.1 before R10, 12.1X44 before D40, 12.1X46 before D30, 12.1X47 before D11 and 12.147-D15, 12.1X48 before D41 and D62, 12.2 before R8, 12.2X50 before D70, 12.3 before R6, 13.1 before R4-S2, 13.1X49 before D49, 13.1X50 before 30, 13.2 before R4, 13.2X50 before D20, 13.2X51 before D25, 13.2X52 before D15, 13.3 before R2, and 14.1 before R1, when supporting 4-byte AS numbers and a BGP peer does not, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (memory corruption and RDP routing process crash and restart) via crafted transitive attributes in a BGP UPDATE.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.