Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Buffer overflow in Cisco Advanced Recording Format (ARF) player T27 LD before SP32 EP16, T28 before T28.12, and T29 before T29.2 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption and application crash) via a crafted .arf file that triggers improper LZW decompression, aka Bug ID CSCuj87565.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.