Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls
Sophos Anti-Virus engine (SAVi) before 3.50.1, as used in VDL 4.97G 9.7.x before 9.7.9, 10.0.x before 10.0.11, and 10.3.x before 10.3.1 does not set an ACL for certain global and session objects, which allows local users to bypass anti-virus protection, cause a denial of service (resource consumption, CPU consumption, and eventual crash) or spoof "ready for update" messages by performing certain operations on mutexes or events including (1) DataUpdateRequest, (2) MmfMutexSAV-****, (3) MmfMutexSAV-Info, (4) ReadyForUpdateSAV-****, (5) ReadyForUpdateSAV-Info, (6) SAV-****, (7) SAV-Info, (8) StateChange, (9) SuspendedSAV-****, (10) SuspendedSAV-Info, (11) UpdateComplete, (12) UpdateMutex, (13) UpdateRequest, or (14) SophosALMonSessionInstance, as demonstrated by triggering a ReadyForUpdateSAV event and modifying the UpdateComplete, UpdateMutex, and UpdateRequest objects.
CWE-264 - Permissions Privileges and Access Controls
CWE 264 (permissions, privileges, and access controls) is not a weakness in and of itself, rather it is a category of weaknesses related to the management of permissions, privileges, and other security features used to perform access control. If not addressed, the weaknesses in this category allow attackers to gain privileges for an unintended sphere of control, access sensitive information, and execute arbitrary commands.