Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Heap-based buffer overflow in the ReadDIB function in the Vcl.Graphics.TPicture.Bitmap implementation in the Visual Component Library (VCL) in Embarcadero Delphi XE6 20.0.15596.9843 and C++ Builder XE6 20.0.15596.9843 allows context-dependent attackers to execute arbitrary code via the BITMAPINFOHEADER.biClrUsed field in a BMP file. NOTE: this vulnerability exists because of an incomplete fix for CVE-2014-0993.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.