Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
The SIP channel driver (channels/chan_sip.c) in Asterisk Open Source 1.8.17.x through 1.8.22.x, 1.8.23.x before 184.108.40.206, and 11.x before 11.5.1 and Certified Asterisk 1.8.15 before 1.8.15-cert3 and 11.2 before 11.2-cert2 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (NULL pointer dereference, segmentation fault, and daemon crash) via an ACK with SDP to a previously terminated channel. NOTE: some of these details are obtained from third party information.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.