Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 through 10 allows local users to bypass the elevation policy check in the (1) Protected Mode or (2) Enhanced Protected Mode protection mechanism, and consequently gain privileges, by leveraging the ability to execute sandboxed code.
CWE-264 - Permissions Privileges and Access Controls
CWE 264 (permissions, privileges, and access controls) is not a weakness in and of itself, rather it is a category of weaknesses related to the management of permissions, privileges, and other security features used to perform access control. If not addressed, the weaknesses in this category allow attackers to gain privileges for an unintended sphere of control, access sensitive information, and execute arbitrary commands.