Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Adobe Flash Player before 10.3.183.90 and 11.x before 11.7.700.224 on Windows, before 10.3.183.90 and 11.x before 11.7.700.225 on Mac OS X, before 10.3.183.90 and 11.x before 126.96.36.1991 on Linux, before 188.8.131.52 on Android 2.x and 3.x, and before 184.108.40.206 on Android 4.x; Adobe AIR before 220.127.116.110 on Windows and Android and before 18.104.22.1680 on Mac OS X; and Adobe AIR SDK & Compiler before 22.214.171.1240 on Windows and before 126.96.36.1990 on Mac OS X allow attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption) via unspecified vectors.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.