Resource Management Errors
The CTransaction::FetchInputs method in bitcoind and Bitcoin-Qt before 0.8.0rc1 copies transactions from disk to memory without incrementally checking for spent prevouts, which allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (disk I/O consumption) via a Bitcoin transaction with many inputs corresponding to many different parts of the stored block chain.
CWE-399 - Resource Management Errors
Resource management errors is not a weakness in and of itself, rather it is a category of weaknesses related to improper management of system resources. If not addressed, the weaknesses in this category can lead to unexpected software behavior, loss of access, file modification, sensitive information disclosure, system crash, denial of service, and code execution.