Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls
The core_grade component in Moodle through 2.2.10, 2.3.x before 2.3.7, and 2.4.x before 2.4.4 does not properly consider the existence of hidden grades, which allows remote authenticated users to obtain sensitive information by leveraging the student role and reading the Gradebook Overview report.
CWE-264 - Permissions Privileges and Access Controls
CWE 264 (permissions, privileges, and access controls) is not a weakness in and of itself, rather it is a category of weaknesses related to the management of permissions, privileges, and other security features used to perform access control. If not addressed, the weaknesses in this category allow attackers to gain privileges for an unintended sphere of control, access sensitive information, and execute arbitrary commands.