Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls
Samba 4.x before 4.0.4, when configured as an Active Directory domain controller, uses world-writable permissions on non-default CIFS shares, which allows remote authenticated users to read, modify, create, or delete arbitrary files via standard filesystem operations.
CWE-264 - Permissions Privileges and Access Controls
CWE 264 (permissions, privileges, and access controls) is not a weakness in and of itself, rather it is a category of weaknesses related to the management of permissions, privileges, and other security features used to perform access control. If not addressed, the weaknesses in this category allow attackers to gain privileges for an unintended sphere of control, access sensitive information, and execute arbitrary commands.