Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
The av_probe_input_buffer function in libavformat/utils.c in FFmpeg before 1.0.2, when running with certain -probesize values, allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) via a crafted MP3 file, possibly related to frame size or lack of sufficient "frames to estimate rate."
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.