Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
The DCERPC inspection engine on Cisco Adaptive Security Appliances (ASA) 5500 series devices, and the ASA Services Module (ASASM) in Cisco Catalyst 6500 series devices, with software 8.3 before 8.3(2.25), 8.4 before 8.4(2.5), and 8.5 before 8.5(1.13) and the Firewall Services Module (FWSM) 4.1 before 4.1(7) in Cisco Catalyst 6500 series switches and 7600 series routers allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (device reload) via a crafted DCERPC packet, aka Bug IDs CSCtr21376 and CSCtr27524.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.