Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls
WebKit in Apple Safari before 6.0 does not properly handle file: URLs, which allows remote attackers to bypass intended sandbox restrictions and read arbitrary files by leveraging a WebProcess compromise.
CWE-264 - Permissions Privileges and Access Controls
CWE 264 (permissions, privileges, and access controls) is not a weakness in and of itself, rather it is a category of weaknesses related to the management of permissions, privileges, and other security features used to perform access control. If not addressed, the weaknesses in this category allow attackers to gain privileges for an unintended sphere of control, access sensitive information, and execute arbitrary commands.