Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls
Munin before 2.0.6 stores plugin state files that run as root in the same group-writable directory as non-root plugins, which allows local users to execute arbitrary code by replacing a state file, as demonstrated using the smart_ plugin.
CWE-264 - Permissions Privileges and Access Controls
CWE 264 (permissions, privileges, and access controls) is not a weakness in and of itself, rather it is a category of weaknesses related to the management of permissions, privileges, and other security features used to perform access control. If not addressed, the weaknesses in this category allow attackers to gain privileges for an unintended sphere of control, access sensitive information, and execute arbitrary commands.