Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer
Multiple stack-based buffer overflows in the KeyHelp.KeyCtrl.1 ActiveX control in KeyHelp.ocx 1.2.312 in KeyWorks KeyHelp Module (aka the HTML Help component), as used in EMC Documentum ApplicationXtender Desktop 5.4; EMC Captiva Quickscan Pro 4.6 SP1; GE Intelligent Platforms Proficy Historian 3.1, 3.5, 4.0, and 4.5; GE Intelligent Platforms Proficy HMI/SCADA iFIX 5.0 and 5.1; GE Intelligent Platforms Proficy Pulse 1.0; GE Intelligent Platforms Proficy Batch Execution 5.6; GE Intelligent Platforms SI7 I/O Driver 7.20 through 7.42; and other products, allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a long string in the second argument to the (1) JumpMappedID or (2) JumpURL method.
CWE-119 - Buffer Overflow
Buffer overflow attacks involve data transit and operations exceeding the restricted memory buffer, thereby corrupting or overwriting data in adjacent memory locations. Such overflow allows the attacker to run arbitrary code or manipulate the existing code to cause privilege escalation, data breach, denial of service, system crash and even complete system compromise. Given that languages such as C and C++ lack default safeguards against overwriting or accessing data in their memory, applications utilizing these languages are most susceptible to buffer overflows attacks.